It is possible to register geographical indications and designations of origin. Modern or historical, official or unofficial, full or abbreviated names or derivatives of the country, urban or rural settlement, locality or another geographic object may be protected in one of the two categories.
For registration of such geographical indications, they must have a strong reputation with consumers as a place in which a product is produced which has certain reputation because of its properties (taste, appearance, etc.) and associated with the geographical location of the production place.
The pre-requisite condition for registration of a geographical indication is a certificate issued by an authorized body (Ministry of Agriculture or Ministry of Industry and Trade) confirming the existence of product-specific properties associated with a geographic name and filed with Rospatent.
In order to use a geographical name in a designation, it is advisable for an entrepreneur to register an appellation of origin or geographical indication. For this, the person submits an application to the Patent Office for registration of such a means of individualization. To provide protection, the applicant is required to prove the connection between the territory whose name is used and the special qualities or characteristics of the produced product. If the experts of Rospatent decide that the designation meets the necessary requirements and has distinctiveness, the applicant will receive a certificate and the right to use the appellation of origin or the geographical indication.